4 Replies Latest reply on Apr 6, 2012 1:44 PM by jamie-et

    Multi-site VRRP

    jamie-et New Member

      I am setting up a network for a high level of redundancy.  The overview is a main site with two NV-1544's connect to a firewall then the internet.  I have another disaster recovery site that has one NV-1544 connected to a firewall and a backup internet connection.  One of the 1544's at the main site and is connected to the 1544 at the DR site via a MetroLAN (basically a point to point ethernet circuit).  There are 3 other remote sites that are tied to the main site via separate MetroLANs.  I want to two 1544's at the main site and the one 1544 at the DR site to all be in the same VRRP group. 

       

      So if one of the 1544s fail at the main site, the other 1544 takes over and traffic still goes out that same internet connection.  If both fail (water, wind, fire) I need traffic from the remote sites to flow to the DR site and out the backup internet connection. 

       

      I have found configuration setups with two 1544s as described in the "VRRP for AOS" document, but I am not 100% sure on adding the third 1544 to the group.  Would I just make the priority on the 1544 at the DR site lower than the others? 

      1544-1 priority - 254

      1544-2 priority - 100

      1544-3 priority - 50  (DR site)

       

      Also what is the most efficient method to route traffic out the backup internet connection at the DR site if primary connection failed?

       

      Thanks is advance!

       

      btw, the info in the "complex network design" post was very helpful.

        • Re: Multi-site VRRP
          levi Employee

          jamie-et:

           

          Thank you for asking this question in the Support Community.  The network design you mentioned is fairly common for multiple site failover and redundancy.  The way you have described configuring the NetVanta 1544s for VRRP priority is correct (based on how you said you'd like the network to function).  As you mentioned, you would have the most preferred NV1544 have the highest VRRP priority, the next preferred lower, and the least preferred lowest, because the VRRP router with the highest actual priority level is the virtual router master.  Note: It is possible for VRRP to operate based on default priority level settings.  However, it is important to understand and verify the election process to ensure the desired VRRP router is ultimately selected as the master.

           

          There are multiple ways to route traffic out the backup Internet connection if the primary fails.  One method would be similar to example 3 in the Configuring VRRP for AOS document.  This would be to use Network Monitor and object tracking for the VRRP priority.  The concept is as follows:

           

          Object tracking is used to monitor failure of the network connections to the Internet. An ICMP echo probe is established from each router across their respective WAN connection to the Internet. This probe is associated with a track that is used by VRRP to decrement the configured priority level of the router on which object-tracking has been set up. As long as the probe is successful, the track will remain in a passing state and the router’s configured priority level will remain unchanged. However, if the network path goes down, the ICMP echo will stop; causing the track associated with the probe to fail. When the track fails, the configured priority level of the router will be decremented by a specified amount. By decrementing the configured priority level of the master router, the backup router (whose WAN connection should still be viable) will take over routing all traffic between corporate headquarters and the DR site.

           

          I hope this makes sense, but this is just a suggestion.  However, there are multiple ways to achieve this, and you have to determine how much configuration, failover, redundancy, and scalability you desire and chose the proper design based on those requirements.  Please, do not hesitate to reply with any questions or additional information.  I will be happy to assist you in any way I can.

           

          Levi

          1 of 1 people found this helpful
            • Re: Multi-site VRRP
              jamie-et New Member

              Good to know I was on the right track.  I just discovered another question. 

               

              I have four VLANs to route.  Call them 1, 10, 20, 30.  On each of the three 1544s I believe I would have a different IP for the VLAN interface.

                              Core 1               Core 2           Core 3

              VLAN 1   - x.x.1.1              x.x.1.2           x.x.1.3

              VLAN 10 - x.x.10.1            x.x.10.2          x.x.10.3

              VLAN 20 - x.x.20.1            x.x.20.2          x.x.20.3

              VLAN 30 - x.x.30.1            x.x.30.2          x.x.30.3

               

              In the VRRP example it shows assigning a port an IP address and then making that port part of the VRRP.  The document says that VRRP can be done on VLAN or Ethernet interfaces.  So would I end up with 4 VRRP groups? 

                • Re: Multi-site VRRP
                  Employee

                  jamie-et - Yes, you are correct. Since you have 4 VLANs that the 1544 will be routing, you will need to configure VRRP on each of those VLAN interfaces which are participating. However, you can use the same VRID across all the VLANs. The example, below, shows how 2 VLANs would be configured for VRRP on a single router:

                   

                  VLAN 1 - 192.168.1.0 /24

                  VLAN 10 - 10.10.10.0 /24

                   

                  int vlan 1

                       ip address 192.168.1.3 255.255.255.0

                       vrrp 1 ip 192.168.1.1

                       no shutdown

                  int vlan 10

                       ip address 10.10.10.3 255.255.255.0

                       vrrp 1 ip 10.10.10.1

                       no shutdown


                  Please do not hesitate to let us know if you have any further questions.


                  Thanks,

                  Noor